Highlander: the Toyota crossover, which is a version of the internal model of the Toyota Kluger for the non-Japanese external market. This model was originally developed to meet the demands of American consumers, and this calculation proved worthwhile: in North America, Highlander gained immense popularity. It belongs to the medium-sized SUV class and in the Toyota model range it occupies an intermediate position between the Toyota RAV4 and 4Runner models. The car was first introduced in 2000. By the way, “Highlander” is translated from English as “Highlander”. The appearance of the first generation is designed in a conservative style: a strict design with original front optics and “inflated” front and rear wings, powerful-looking bumpers, a rear spoiler with a traffic light, roof rails. All together he looks very good and with courage.

Photo Toyota Highlander

When developing the car, priority was given to comfort and safety. The wide side doors provide a comfortable boarding and disembarking of the driver and passengers. In the rear seats three adults are quietly located. The space for the legs is sufficient, especially because the floor is flat (there is no cardan tunnel) due to the low location of the engine. The driver’s seat is adjustable in height, inclination of the backrest and in the longitudinal direction with the help of an electric motor, the front passenger seat – manually, but both seats have comfortable folding armrests. The rear seat is divided in length in relation to 2/3 and has a sliding and sliding design. The wide windows provide a good overview. In the trunk there is a practical folding curtain that allows to separate the contents of the boot from the cabin. Thanks to the modified wheel arches and a long wheelbase, the boot was comfortable and spacious. In the trunk until 2004, there was a place for a complete spare wheel, in 2004 it was carried out of the cabin and secured behind the audi a5 car cover.

Photo Toyota Highlander

The interior is made of quality materials. The steering column is adjustable in height and allows the driver to choose a comfortable position without blocking the view of the instrument panel. The instrument panel is manufactured in accordance with the “Optitron” technology, when the backlight of the scale is automatically switched on after the ignition is switched on. And the backlight of the ignition switch is always on, so as not to turn on the lights in the cabin, when you need to start the car in the dark. Inside, there are many different pockets and drawers for small items. Under the glove compartment there is a pocket-shaped slot for an umbrella. The on-board computer is combined with a touch-sensitive LCD screen, which displays information on the status of the car and the configuration of the standard multimedia system. The range of engines consists of two units.

Photo Toyota Highlander

The first is an inline volume of four cylinders of 2362 cm³ with a capacity of 160 horsepower with two camshafts, four valves per cylinder and a head of light alloy block. The second most powerful volume of six V-shaped cylinders of 2994 cm³ capacity of 220 horsepower. The cars with 2.4-liter in-line engine were produced with front-wheel drive and four-wheel drive, with a 3-liter engine, only with permanent all-wheel drive and a limited-slip central differential (LSD). In 2004, both engines were replaced by a V-shaped six-cylinder engine with a capacity of 3.3 liters and 215 horsepower. Initially, the car was equipped with only a 4-speed automatic transmission “Super ECT”, as an option it was offered a manual shift mechanism. In 2004, a five-speed automatic transmission was installed on models with a V6 engine. Both suspensions, front and rear, independent, like «McPherson».

Photo Toyota Highlander

The car is equipped with intelligent electronic systems: ABS anti-lock braking system (anti-lock system), electronic braking force distribution system EBD (electronic distribution of braking force), pressure control system in the hydraulic brake system BAS (braking assist system), automatic sliding control system TRC (Traction control) and Stability control VSC (Vehicle stability control). Since 2004, the tire pressure control system has become standard. The highlander of the first years of release occurred only in the five-seat version, but in 2004 the world saw an extended version with the prefix “L” and three rows of seats. The second row had a removable central seat, so it can be double or triple. With the center seat removed, there are two separate comfortable seats with individual armrests and a passage between them to the third row of seats, which can also be done in the three or two-seater version. The second row of seats can move forward and backward, so that the leg room of the passengers in the second and third row can vary from 740 to 1021 mm.

Photo Toyota Highlander

The trunk is transformed by a special system with control levers, to facilitate access to it, the glass of the tailgate is opened. The Toyota Highlander Hybrid all-wheel drive appeared in 2004. The car was equipped with a powerful hybrid engine from the new THS II system and an E-Four electric transmission. The hybrid power unit THS II is located in the front of the body, includes a V6 engine with a volume of 3.3 liters, developing a maximum power of 211 liters. c. and high-speed high-voltage electric motor with a capacity of 167 hp. On the back there is another 68 horsepower electric motor, which is an integral component of the E-Four transmission. The power plant provides a power of up to 272 horsepower, and consumption in 10/15 mode is only 5.6 liters of gasoline per 100 km. The second-generation car debuted at the Chicago Auto Show and went on sale in 2008. The Highlander has grown in size, has received new headlights with an interesting and unusual shape, a new spectacular grille, a modern bumper with a chrome strip on the bottom and elegant fog lights. The distance to the ground has grown up to 206 mm. The car has a leather interior, pseudo wood details, three zone climate control, parking sensors, rear view camera, heated seats, radio recorder with CD changer, electric units, color monitor with function of “touch screen” and is equipped with a wide range of active and passive safety, which includes seven airbags, including the protection of the driver’s knees and side airbags for passengers. Under the bonnet there is a V-shaped six-cylinder engine with a volume of 3.5 liters and a capacity of 273 horsepower. The engine is paired with a 5-speed automatic transmission. At the end of August 2010, the redesigned version of the Toyota Highlander debuted, and it was learned that this car will be officially delivered to Russia and will become an intermediate link in the chain: RAV4 and Prado. The technically refurbished Highlander is almost the same as the second generation car.

Photo Toyota Highlander

As befits an “SUV”, it is built on a lightweight chassis and a lightweight platform (in this case, the Toyota Camry). There are no reduction gears or interlocks in the transmission. The Highlander is equipped with a permanent and symmetrical integral traction (50:50) without any adornment. No downward changes or blockages. Control is at the mercy of electronics. The distance to the ground of 206 mm allows not only to move on the asphalt, but also to move towards the rural road. The front with a fake faceted grid adorned with chrome. Regardless of the chosen performance, bi-xenon headlights illuminate the road. Folding side mirrors with heating and electric transmission are provided for any configuration. The rear fog lamp is only suitable for Russia Toyota Highlander and is included in the list of standard options. It is worth noting another characteristic of the “Russian” Highlander: the harder shock absorbers, which allow you to resolve irregularities more clearly and maintain your course with confidence without having to swing. Ergonomics room at the highest level. The rate in the design of the cabin is made on conservative values. The control panel with two wells, framed in aluminum, is informative and can be easily read at any time of the day. The multifunctional steering wheel, covered with soft leather, seats with perforated leather upholstery and interior elements with inserts “under the tree” give a particular presentation to the cabin. The central console housed the main controls, as well as two monitors, one of which shows the data of the on-board computer and the air conditioning, and the other multimedia system and navigation. Three-zone automatic climate control (for first and second row passengers) is provided as a standard option.

The interior of fabric in Highlander is not provided, it is basically equipped with perforated leather. With seven passengers on board, the amount of luggage does not exceed 290 liters. But in the five-seat version, it increases to 1,200 liters, with a folded sofa exceeding two cubic meters. In all versions of the car has an electric tailgate. Toyota Highlander is sold in two versions, which differ only in the amount of additional equipment. In both versions, under the bonnet, there is a gasoline engine with dual electronic variable valve distribution system with a double VTT-i volume of 3.5 liters. and a power of 273 CV. The engine is equipped with a 5-speed automatic gearbox. With this engine, the car can accelerate to a speed of 100 km / h in 8.2 seconds, and its maximum speed will be 180 km / h. Despite the high power and traction on all four wheels, fuel consumption is only 10.7 liters per hundred kilometers when driving on the highway and, therefore, increases by 3.1 liters when driving on the urban cycle. Safe and reliable driving is guaranteed by: anti-lock braking system (ABS), electronic distribution of braking force (EBD) with emergency braking assistance (BAS), traction control (TRC), road holding system ( VSC), elevation assistance system (HAC), slope assistance system (DAC).

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